artalienspacelogo2B

Part of  -DASA- Drum & Space Agency, the
Orwellian Forum for Unapproved Knowledge
O.F.U.K - Patience Earthlings, content heavy.
Edited by JoeWhite ArtAlienTV

ET Visitors 12

Leonardo Da Vinci - Machines Of War

Probably the greatest artist who ever lived. His anatomical drawings as far as i'm concerened are usurpassed even today. With his amazing inventions many of which were hundreds of years ahead of their time, his use of sacred geometry and the camera obscura. He had the technical edge over his competetors. This Polymath genius is also regarded as one of the greatest inventors. Artists tend to research into how things work to a greater extent than most people in order to be able to illustrate them in a more convincing and lifelike way. A tactic that I am very familiar with. I actually used some of his anatomical drawings to help me design the Android Shoulder picture at the bottom left of this page. It was most helpfull and a lot clearer than the Grey's Anatomy illustrations.

A. (Above video) Ancient Aliens - The Da Vinci Conspiracy - 43.59 Mins

Did Leonardo get inspiration from Aliens? probably not but he did dissapear for 2 years.
This also looks at the hidden images in some of his well known works.

Recommended.****

B. (Above video) Leonardo DaVinci - The Man Who Wanted To Know Everything - 50 Mins
 
A detailed look at some of his inventions. Replicas are made to prove that his ideas actually work.

Recommended.****

tortoise
te
testudo formation
Davinci
Davinci Tank Invention

(Above) 1. The Tortoise. 2. Trajan's Column. 3. The Roman Testudo Formation. 4. Leonardo Da Vinci 5. Da Vinci's Tank Invention.

The Greek term for the Testudo (Tortoise) formation is "Chelone" and during the Byzantine era called the "Foulkon". It is clearly the inspiration for the Armoured Car invented by Da Vinci in the 15th century.
In fact he probably saw the Testudo Formation in the carved relief on Trajan's column in Rome. (Above)
The Da Vinci tank design looks very similar to the Vimana Craft designs of ancient India and bears a resemblence to some of the Nazi Flying Disc designs of WWII.
See the War Tech page for more on that thread.

 

Davinci Tank smaller

(Above) Da Vinci - Updated illustration of his Armoured Car/Tank.

Bombard - Mortar and Grapeshot
Dissmountable cannon
Giant Crossbow

(Above image) 
Adjustable Mortar & Grapeshot

Da Vinci didn't invent the Bombard (Mortar) but his crankable elevator mechanism would have made it much more accurate.
Grapeshot or canaster shot he did invent.

(Above image) Dismountable Cannon

This modular cannon design would have made the cannon much easyer to be transported. A similar system was later employed by the British Navy in the 19th century.

(Above image) Giant Crossbow

The crossbow is so big that the six wheels are set at a slight angle in order to increase its stability. This gigantic crossbow launches heavy balls, rather than arrows.
The bow is made with flexible wooden pieces bound together by cords and held in place by pivoting pins. It has a span of approximately thirteen meters and it is stretched by a complex screw mechanism. Da Vinci installed winches to regulate the traction at the rear sides of the bow which also set a second screw mechanism, designed to reduce the force required to tighten the bow in motion.

Armoured Ramship
Sythe
Fragmentation Artillery Shells
Artillery Park

(Above) Artillery Park

This mechaniism is very similar to the block and tackle crane used by mechanics when removing car engines. This one is on a larger scale but the principal is basically the same.

(Above) Ramming Gunboat The drawing depicting Da Vinci’s armoured vessel shows a light vessel fitted with a prow protected by metal and used to ram enemy ships. A rotating covering shield, which opens during the boarding phase of the attack, is also featured.
The covering shield provided protection against enemy ships and allowed the vessel to approach the enemy without the cannon being observed. The shield would not be opened to reveal the cannon until after the armoured vessel rammed an enemy ship, or got too close to evade it. The shields are attached to a system of winches which open very quickly, enhancing the element of surprise. Once lowered into the water, the shields could also function as a brake to offset the recoil of the cannon. The shields were closed through a system of manually operated winches.

(Above) 
Cluster Bombs

To make the bombard, or cannon, a weapon already known at the time, even more deadly, Da Vinci also designed large projectiles, comprised of round shells fitted around iron spacers and stitched inside a pliable casing. Once fired, this invention exploded into many fragments with that had greater range and impact than a single cannon-ball.

(Above) Human Sythe - Death Chariot

This is one of Leonardo’s most beautiful manuscripts. His sketches horse drawn reveal carriages covered with sharp, swirling blades that moved in the thick of battle slashing through everything in their wake. The rotating blades were specifically designed to sever the limbs from its victims. In one of his drawings, Da Vinci illustrated the carnage in such gruesome detail that his notation indicated that his contraption probably would wreak as much havoc on friends as on foes.

da vinci paddle boat

(Above) Paddle Boat

Grapple Boat
Mechanised Slingshot

(Above image) Grapple Boat

The drawing depicting Da Vinci’s armoured vessel shows a light vessel fitted with a prow protected by metal and used to ram enemy ships. A rotating covering shield, which opens during the boarding phase of the attack, is also featured.
The covering shield provided protection against enemy ships and allowed the vessel to approach the enemy without the cannon being observed. The shield would not be opened to reveal the cannon until after the armoured vessel rammed an enemy ship, or got too close to evade it. The shields are attached to a system of winches which open very quickly, enhancing the element of surprise. Once lowered into the water, the shields could also function as a brake to offset the recoil of the cannon. The shields were closed through a system of manually operated winches.
The grapple on this boat is inspired by the Archimedese Claw.

(Above) Mechanical Sling Shot

The basic design of the catapult had been in use for hundreds of years before Da Vinci embarked upon improving it. He actually came up with several different models. This particular design uses a double leaf spring to produce an enormous amount of energy in order to propel stone projectiles or incendiary materials over great distances.
Loading of the two large leaf springs was accomplished using a hand crank on the side of the catapult

C. (Above video) 
Renaissance Da Vinci Weapons -
4.24 Mins

Some detail on his motivation for these deadly inventions.

Scuba gear
Scuba Gear 2
Siege Weapon
Flying Machine 1
Ladder pushing Device

(Above image) Flying Machine

Of Leonardo da Vinci’s many areas of study, perhaps this Renaissance man’s favorite was the area of aviation. Da Vinci seemed truly excited by the possibility of people soaring through the skies like birds.

One of da Vinci’s most famous inventions, the flying machine (also known as the "ornithopter") ideally displays his powers of observation and imagination, as well as his enthusiasm for the potential of flight. The design for this invention is clearly inspired by the flight of winged animals, which da Vinci hoped to replicate. In fact, in his notes, he mentions bats, kites and birds as sources of inspiration.

(Above image) 
Ladder Leaver

Leonardo designed complex and ingenious methods of defence. Here, when the walls are under attack, the soldiers hidden behind the battlements could quickly and easily ward-off enemies and their single movement by using a system of levers. As the enemy used ladders in an attempt to breach the walls, the levers were engaged to move the rails built into the walls that the ladders were leaning on, causing them to become unstable and eventually fall.

(Above image) Siege Weapon

The model proposed by Leonardo represents a machine designed for attacking defensive walls, consisting of a mobile structure with an armoured bridge that rests on the walls of an enemy fortress, while the troops to penetrate the city or castle.
In addition to new machines, Da Vinci proposes classical systems for use in assaulting enemy city walls. The ladder is fixed to a special support, made up of partially toothed wheel grips into a worm screw. A crank turns the wheel back and forth that lifts and lowers the ladder.

(Above image) Scuba Gear

What made Leonardo da Vinci such a great artist was also what made him such a great inventor: his fascination with the world around him. This was the case with water. In his lifetime, da Vinci designed many inventions dealing with water – perhaps, most notably, scuba gear.

While working in Venice, the "water city", in 1500, da Vinci designed his scuba gear for sneak attacks on enemy ships from underwater. The leather diving suit was equipped with a bag-like mask that went over the diver’s head. Attached to the mask around the nose area were two cane tubes that led up to a cork diving bell floating on the surface.

Screw and Wing
Volley Gun
Parachute

(Above image) Volley Gun - Organ

The multi-barrelled volley gun was a weapon with remarkable firepower. Da Vinci sketched this rolling artillery battery around 1480 while in Florence, perhaps as a calling card to a warrior prince in need of a military architect. A hand crank adjusts elevation, and reloading is a major challenge ““ especially when under fire .
He housed an ingenious aiming and loading mechanism. By widening the field of fire, the fan-like shape of Da Vinci’s prototype made it a potentially effective weapon against a line of advancing troops. In addition Da Vinci’s design was easy to move around on the battlefield because it was lightweight and mounted on wheels.

All the guns on the organ would be loaded and then, during battle, the first row of 11 would be fired. The platform would then be rotated to properly aim the next row of canons. The idea was that while one set of canons was being fired, another set would be cooling and the third set could be loaded. This system allowed soldiers to repeatedly fire without interruption.

The weapon is referred to as an "organ" because the rows of canon barrels resemble the pipes of an organ. Leonardo da Vinci’s design for the 33-barrelled organ is generally regarded as the basis for the modern day machine gun – a weapon that didn’t really develop for commercial use until the 19th century.

(Above image) Parachute

Though credit for the invention of the first practical parachute usually goes to Sebastien Lenormand in 1783, Leonardo da Vinci actually conceived the parachute idea a few hundred years earlier.

Da Vinci made a sketch of the invention with this accompanying description: "If a man have a tent made of linen of which the apertures (openings) have all been stopped up, and it be twelve braccia (about 23 feet) across and twelve in depth, he will be able to throw himself down from any great height without suffering any injury."

(Above image) Flying Machines

Leonardo Da Vinci is credited with having first thought of a machine for vertical flight. His sketch of the airscrew dated 1493, was not discovered until the 19th century. It consisted of a platform mounted by a helical screw driven by a rudimentary system, not unlike that of rubber band-powered model aircraft. Da Vinci’s notes state “if this instrument in the form of a screw were well made of linen, the pores of which had been stopped with starch, it should, upon being turned sharply, rise into the air in a spiral”. His design, however, was never put to any use.
Da Vinci left his imprint on aeronautics through his work with ornithopters and helicopter models and is said to have begun the first sound experiments in search of a practical heavier-than-air flying machine. He was convinced that if man were to able to realize his long held dream of travelling in the sky above him, it would happen by a flying machine based on the principle of the helicopter. Slightly more than two hundred years later, his prediction proved to be true.

Tattoo, Android shoulder 2, J White 2004 8-10 crop [720 px 70% Quality]
da vinci shoulder 2
Skeletal Drawings

(Above left image) Android Shoulder - Joseph White 2004
I used the Da Vinci anatomical drawings (Above centre and above right) as referance material when producing this Android Shoulder tattoo design. They turned out to be a lot more usefull than any of the more modern ones that I sifted through. A lesson learned.
Da Vinci made a sketch of the invention with this accompanying description: "If a man have a tent made of linen of which the apertures (openings) have all been stopped up, and it be twelve braccia (about 23 feet) across and twelve in depth, he will be able to throw himself down from any great height without suffering any injury."