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Part of  -DASA- Drum & Space Agency, the
Orwellian Forum for Unapproved Knowledge
O.F.U.K - Patience Earthlings, content heavy.
Edited by JoeWhite ArtAlienTV

ET Visitors 12

There are many origins of the lycanthrope myth but for the sake of this site we are going to stick to the main ones. The phenomenon is mainly based on fear and the misunderstanding of mental illness in recent centuries. It may well have origins in Ancient Rome and Africa?

Werewolves

Cryptozoology. Werewolves.

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(Right) The classic perception of a werewolf in it's upright stance and mane of hair on the neck.
Is it really possible that people can change their morphology and turn into an animal such as this beast...... No it's not!
However it is possible if you are delusional and suffering from a severe case of catatonia/mental illness/manic depression/porphyria. But only in your own mind. Thats good enough for some people.

Porphyria.

Porphyria is a rare genetic disorder that results in a deficiency of heme, one of the pigments in t red blood cells. Untreated symptoms of Porphyria match many of the traits associated with the classic Lycanthrope and Vampire. (See next page)
One of them is severe photosensitivity, which makes venturing out into daylight extremely painful and thus dooms the sufferer to a life of shadows and darkness. As the condition advances, the victim’s appearance grows increasingly morbid; discoloration of the skin and an unusual thick growth of facial or body hair occurs. There is a tendency for an abnormal change in skin and formation of sores. Eventually the disease attacks cartilage and causes a progressive deterioration of the nose, ears, eyelids and fingers. The teeth, as well as the fingernails and the flesh beneath them might turn red or reddish brown because of deposition of Porphyrin, a component of Hemoglobin in the blood. Porphyria is often accompanied by mental disturbance, from mild hysteria to delirium and manic-depressive psychoses.

Werewolf painting by Caron Sims.

wolf skull

Wolf skull. Slightly bigger than an Alsation dog. Not big or strong enough to do the damage.

(Right)
Hypertrichosis. Excessive body hair.

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The rare condition Hypertrichosis is often shown in articles about werewolves and monkeymen. They usually imply that these people are driven out by society and end up in the woods fending for themselves. It just doesn't work though. These are normal humans with normal human feet and teeth and can't possibly account for the savage attacks on people and tracks that are left behind.
How can a normal guy with excessive body hair account for people getting there heads ripped off and thier bodies torn apart?

Porphyrias have been detected in all races, multiple ethnic groups on every continent including Africans,Asians, Australian aborigines, Caucasians, Peruvian, Mexican, Native Americans, and Sami. There are high incidence reports of AIP in areas of India and Scandinavia and over 200 genetic variants of AIP, some of which are specific to families, although some strains have proven to be repeated mutations.
The links between porphyrias and mental illness have been noted for decades. In the early 1950s patients with porphyrias (occasionally referred to as "Porphyric Hemophilia" and severe symptoms of depression or catatonia were treated with electroshock.

Vampires and werewolves.
Porphyria has been suggested as an explanation for the origin of vampire and werewolf legends, based upon certain perceived similarities between the condition and the folklore.
In January 1964, L. Illis' 1963 paper, "On Porphyria and the Aetiology of Werwolves", was published in Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine. Later, Nancy Garden argued for a connection between porphyria and the vampire belief in her 1973 book, Vampires. In 1985, biochemist David Dolphin's paper for the American Association for the Advancement of Science, "Porphyria, Vampires, and Werewolves: The Aetiology of European Metamorphosis Legends", gained widespread media coverage, thus popularizing the connection.

Is the werewolf really a hyena that escaped from a private zoo collection or circus?

Is it possible that some hyena's escaped from a managery in Europe in the 1600's or 1700's.
It was popular for rich Aristocrats to keep private collections of exotic animals. It was quite common for wealthy people in Europe to collect African animals both alive and stuffed after they went on safari in Africa to hunt big game animals.
It is also possible that some of these creatures were let out deliberately by a suicidal owner or keeper as has been the case recently in the US.
The other option is a circus escape. Traveling circus animal acts became very popular in 1700's Europe yet it's unlikely that hyenas were used.
If we step back a little further to the Romans then we might have a definitive answer. The first circus was the Circus Maximus in Rome. When Rome fell to the Goths in 476 AD the Roman circus acts started wandering through various surrounding countries in order to make a living. This is when the first influx of African animal escapes may have taken place.
As I have said on many of this sites pages - These theories are not mutually exclusive and could all be partly to blame for this interesting phenomena.

(Below left) If you compare this image of a hyena to your typical werewolf illustration then you can see the similarities in both the upright stance and mane. It's hairy crest goes down the elongated neck and powerfull back.
The hyena also is the only animal of comparable size that could possibly take a human head clean off by biting through the neck.
With its incredible jaw strength and buzz saw like teeth it can bite right through thick bone without damage to its teeth.
This animal also makes unusual human like noises unlike a dog or wolf that match some reports very well.

(Right) The hyena has a recently extinct giant relative that supposedly died out thousands of years ago.

Dinocrocuta Gigantea (Above right skull) is more than 3
times the size of a
normal hyena (Below right skull) and would make easy work of a human, but it's very unlikely that any survived into the 1600's when the first cases of werewolves were documented in Germany.

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(Above) Hyenas have the strongest jaws of any animal. (pound for pound) Other animals wait for the hyena to tear open the skin of a tough victim like a hippo or rhino before they can even go in to claim their share.

Hyena Habitat: Savannas, grasslands, woodlands,
forest edges, subdeserts and mountains to 13,000 feet.
Related to cats the hyena can digest anythingand used to live in Europe

Hyenas, related to mongoose and cats.

Lunacy - Bark at the moon.

While there is little solid evidence of lunacy there does seem to be a lot of circumstantial evidence for it's existence. It's another one of many things that modern science deliberatly ignores.
It's common for people with bipolar syndrome to be affected by the moon. In fact one of my nieghbours suffers from it and has trouble with insomnia that definately gets worse around the full moon leading to unpredictable behavior.
I have these insidents marked on calanders stretching over 7 years and there is a definate pattern that can be seen.
It is also prevelant in people with severe autism. A number of friends of mine work with autistic children and have confirmed that there is a definate increase in episodes and fits around the full moon.
Many people with bipolar disorder (manic depression) take anti depressant drugs which can sometimes cause their extreme insomnia and hyperactivity to get worse. Depressants usually have to be taken to counteract this and bring the person back down to earth. The dosage often goes wrong especially if the patient is self medicating, leading to even more exagerated and unpredictable behavior.
In the state of extreme tiredness caused by sleep deprivation the senses are hugely exagerated and hallucinations are prevalent.
You have the ability to hear a pin drop and your sense of smell is also hightened.
Then there is the added disturbance of the extra reflected light radiation from the moon when it's full and the fact that sound travels further at night giving you a recipe for paranormal experiences. Nightmares and sleep-walking are not unusual.
If you are suffering from manic insomnia any extra light coming through the curtains seems
almost blinding. People in this state are basically suffering from photosensitivity.
In states of exhaustion caused by extreme sleep deprivation the pineal gland becomes
overactive with the help from certain commonly prescribed drugs.
This gland harps back to the reptilian part of the brain and detects light radiation that helps
control our body clock. It becomes less active in winter when light levels are low often
leading to SAD - Seasonally Affected Disorder.
The pineal gland (third eye) controls your sixth sense and is much more active in hunters
and indiginous tribes around the world.
Could it be that this older hunting part of the brain causes the patient to percieve of
themselves in a more primitive animal way?
It's common for people with mental disorders to believe that they are animals. Often farm
animals.
There is a person on my bus route that thinks he 's a cow. Luckily cows are harmless but
there are some cases where the person thinks that they are an apex predator such as
a wolf. Licanthropy.

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(Left) Compare this image to the hyena above. There are striking similarities. particularly with the mane down the neck and back.

(Right) Although the moon doesn't cause mental illness it certainly contributes to it by disturbing sleep paterns and increasing eratic behavior in people that are already in a maniacal state.

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(Left) Werewolves were often blamed for the actions of serial killers and other violent criminals in the 17th century. People find it easier to comprehend
an animal attack than admit to man's more primitive base instincts.

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(Above) The Werewolf of Eschenbach, Germany 1685.

(Left) A trypical Werewolf image.

The Hyena has strikingly similar folklore to the Werewolf. The Werehyena.

The Kaguru of Tanzania and the Kujamaat of Southern Senegal view hyenas as inedible and greedy hermaphrodites. A mythical African tribe called the Bouda is reputed to house members able to transform into hyenas. A similar myth occurs in Mansoa. These "werehyenas" are executed when discovered, but do not revert back to their human form when killed.

Striped hyenas are frequently referenced in Middle Eastern literature and folklore, typically as symbols of treachery and stupidity. In the Near and Middle East, striped hyenas are generally regarded as physical incarnations of jinns.
Arab writer Al-Quazweeni (1204–1283) spoke of a tribe of people called Al-Dabeyoun meaning "hyena people." In his book Aajeb Al-Makhlouqat he wrote that should one of this tribe be in a group of 1000 people, a hyena could pick him out and eat him. Persian medical treatise written in 1376 tells how to cure cannibalistic people known as Kaftar, who are said to be “half-man, half-hyena”. Al-Doumairy in his writings in Hawayan Al-Koubra (1406) wrote that striped hyenas were vampiric creatures that attacked people at night and sucked the blood from their necks.
He also wrote that hyenas only attacked brave people. Arab folklore tells of how hyenas can mesmerise victims with their eyes or sometimes with their pheromones. In a similar vein to Al-Doumairy, the Greeks, until the end of the 19th century, believed that the bodies of werewolves, if not destroyed, would haunt battlefields as vampiric hyenas that drank the blood of dying soldiers.
The image of striped hyenas in Afghanistan, India and Palestine is more varied.
 
Though feared, striped hyenas were also symbolic for love and fertility, leading to numerous varieties of love medicine derived from hyena body parts. Among the Baluch and in northern India, witches or magicians are said to ride striped hyenas at night.

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(Above) Werewolf design.  (Below) Brown Hyena

(Left video)
A women turned in to a dog! ITS REAL!!! she's cursed!

Always be suspicous of any video that has "REAL" in the title.
Still worth a look though.